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Fisheries Improved for Sustainable Harvest Project

Fisheries Management Mechanisms


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isheries management at the ecosystem level requires a multi-pronged approach to define actions needed to achieve the expected results. The FISH Project uses a combination of growth, control and maintenance mechanisms adapted for implementation in each of the four target areas through active engagement of national and local stakeholders. It provides technical assistance to stakeholder groups in the four target areas to implement the following fisheries management mechanisms:
Diagram showing FISH Project fisheries management mechanisms

  • Growth mechanisms to enhance fisheries production and marine ecosystem integrity.
  • Encourage environment-friendly economic development and revenue-generating mechanisms such as marine ecotourism, user-fee system and appropriate aquaculture.

Control mechanisms to allocate access to fisheries and coastal resources.

  • Identify restrictions on fishing gear, fish size limits, fishing areas and seasons to achieve sustainable fishing based on the results of the baseline assessment, critical threats analysis, and stakeholder planning.
  • Register fishers and issue licenses for fishing vessels and gear (municipal and commercial) based on estimated sustained yield of fish stocks.
  • Establish licensing system supported by legislation for commercial fishing vessels to operate in areas where sustainable yields of fish stocks can be expected and regulated.
  • Train coastal law enforcement units to enforce fisheries and other coastal resource-related laws.

Maintenance mechanisms to improve institutional capacity for fisheries and coastal resource management.

  • Develop ecosystem-based fisheries management program to address critical threats to fisheries and other coastal resources.
  • Cluster local government units into viable fisheries and coastal resource management units in association with interagency and multisectoral collaborative mechanisms for planning, implementation and enforcement.
  • Assist stakeholders integrate population and reproductive health programs in fisheries management.
  • Identify appropriate and efficient market-based incentives for compliance and investments in sustainable fisheries.
  • Promote public-private partnerships for fisheries management.


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This website was made possible through support provided by the USAID under the terms of Contract No. AID 492-C-00-03-00022-00. The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID. As long as proper reference is made to the source, articles may be quoted or reproduced in any form for non-commercial, non-profit purposes to advance the cause of marine environmental and fisheries management and conservation.