THE COASTAL MANAGEMENT PLANNING PROCESS
BEING ADAPTED FOR THE PHILIPPINE LOCAL GOVERNMENT


CRM plan preparation and adoption


Steps

a. Establish management bodies
b. Define goals and objectives
c. Develop CRM strategies and action plan

Checklist
Click here to view/print samples of coastal management plans in the CRMP Learning Areas and other places.
See also "CRM Supporting Mechanisms - National Legal and Policy Framework for Coastal Management"

Benchmarks (Activities and Outputs)

a. Barangay and municipal Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Management Councils (FARMCs) established and active
b. CRM planning workshop conducted
c. Multi-sectoral Technical Working Group established
d. Proposed zoning of municipal waters, management strategies and actions, policies and implementation process developed through community consultation
e. Multi-year CRM plan drafted
f. Community consultations on draft management plan conducted
g. Proposed CRM plan presented in multi-sectoral forum
h. Multi-year CRM plan finalized and adopted

References

Primer on Coastal Resource Management. 1999. CRMP/DENR/USAID, Cebu City, Philippines
Mangrove Management Handbook. 2000. CRMP/DENR/USAID, Cebu City, Philippines
Mangrove Management and Development in the Philippines. 2000. CRMP/DENR/USAID, Cebu City, Philippines
The Values of Philippine Coastal Resources: Why Protection and Management are Critical (White and Trinidad, 1999)


Steps

a. Establish management bodies

Activities and outputs

  • Barangay and municipal FARMCs established and active
  • Multi-sectoral Technical Working Group established

    Roles of local municipal or city government, community and stakeholders

  • Provide basic policies
  • Provide major inputs to plan
  • Build consensus among community

    Technical assistance roles of national and provincial government, non-governmental organizations, academe and others

  • Facilitate planning process
  • Conduct planning workshops
  • Provide technical guidance
  • Assist to set up management bodies

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b.Define goals and objectives

Activities and outputs

  • Management strategies and actions identified

    Roles of local municipal or city government, community and stakeholders

  • LGU support to planning process


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c. Develop CRM strategies and action plan

Activities and outputs

  • Proposed water use zones delineated and mapped
  • Multi-year management plan drafted
  • Community consultations on draft management plan conducted
  • Proposed CRM plan presented in multi-sectoral forum
  • Multi-year CRM plan finalized and adopted

    Roles of local municipal or city government, community and stakeholders

  • LGU and community participation in planning process
  • Plan presented to concerned legislative bodies for adoption and support

    Technical assistance roles of national and provincial government, non-governmental organizations, academe and others

  • Facilitate inter-agency coordination

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CRM Plan Checklist

A CRM plan for any area, barangay, municipality or city or multi-municipal area requires basic contents to make a good plan. The essential parts of a good plan are:

  1. Description of the area provides background information. This can include geography, demography, important coastal resources and their condition, socio-economic status of people, institutions and laws and other relevant information for management. Use graphs and tables.
  2. Maps of different scales needed. Include a map of the entire area and detailed maps of the coastal area with resource locations and use patterns, existing management interventions and other data.
  3. Management issues must be clearly stated along with their contributing causes and factors. Trends in decline of resources can be used to illustrate issues of concern.
  4. Goals and objectives should be derived from the main issues. The goal is broad while each objective must be achievable and measurable within the 3-5 year-life of the plan.
  5. Strategies and actions are the heart of the plan. One strategy and several actions with assigned responsibilities should address each major issue. A strategy is a well-conceived means to solve a problem. The actions implement the strategy. Actions can be budgeted.
  6. Institutional and legal framework is needed to support plan implementation. This section explains what institution is responsible and how it is supported by the law.
  7. Timeline for implementation helps organize all responsible parties to implement the plan.
  8. Monitoring and evaluation must be included as a set of activities to provide feedback on plan implementation and impact on environment.

 

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| process chart | issue identification & baseline assessment| crm plan preparation & adoption| action plan & project implementation| monitoring & evaluation| information management, education & outreach| multi-sectoral and inter-lgu participation & resource sharing| national policy & legal framework| external revenue sources |